Tuesday, February 28, 2012
Patanjali Yoga Sutras - Vibhoothi Paadha - Vs.3.17,18,19 - knowledge of sounds of all living beings - knowledge of past births - Knowledge of others' minds
shabda artha pratyayaanaam
sarva bhootha rutha jnaanam
Ø shabda = sound of the object (its name etc)
Ø artha = its meaning or purpose
Ø pratyayaanaam = related concepts and ideas
Ø itharethara = each with others
Ø adhyaasa = coinciding / mingling with each other
Ø samkarasthath = (more)appearing to be single, unified object
Ø pravibhaaga = divisions or separations between them
Ø samyamaath = (By performing) samyama on them
Ø sarva = all
Ø bhootha = living being
Ø rutha = speech, spoken sounds
Ø jnaanam = knowledge, meaning
How do we normally perceive an object? By its name (and shape), the sounds it makes and by how we perceive the object. Name plus Sounds Plus the perception quality reveals the object to us. Perception depends on several concepts and ideas we may associate with the object, depending on our knowledge of the same.
These three factors are normally inter-mingled and are inseparable in our understanding of the object. Our normal consciousness and understanding is entirely of a much lower quality compared to a Sadhaka’s perception in his Ekaagrathaa Parinaama that he achieves in Samyama.
When a Sadhaka performs Samyama on the distinctiveness of the sounds made by the object (animal, bird etc) separate from the name and identifying concepts related to it – then, the meaning of any sound made by the object of Samyama (bird or animal) becomes very clear to the Sadhaka.
In the Indian puranas (ancient historical anecdotes), there are several instances quoted of sages and kings being able to speak to birds and animals very easily and understand what they say.
It is said that birds and animals can tell us about some future events and distant happenings and forebodings which we cannot visualize with human eyes and human intellect.
Performing this Samyama on the sounds they make gives the Sadhaka the unique ability to perceive all that they can tell us.
This skill was seen in some of the western spiritualists also. In fact, for some people, this ability seems to come naturally – without much effort. In other words, Samyama happens to them almost effortlessly. These people talk to animals, birds, fish and even trees and get their meaning across to them effortlessly.
In Yoga Sadhana, one of the experiments / exercises a Sadhaka can do is to mentally communicate his ideas, suggestions, comments etc to such beings like trees, birds, animals etc. When the Sadhaka’s mind concentrates sufficiently – the Samyama happens effortlessly and the communication happens easily.
Sadhaka must only keep absolute faith in his own ability to do it without an iota of doubt in his mind.
samskaara saakshaath karanaath
poorva jaathi jnaanam
Ø samskaara = subtle/deep impressions in the unconscious
Ø saakshaath = direct, immediate contact
Ø karanaath = perception, experiencing
Ø poorva = of previous
Ø jaathi = birth
Ø jnaanam = knowledge
The deepest Samskaaras and impressions in our sub-conscious mind are constantly reflected in our external behavior. These are our habits, our temptations, our weaknesses, and even our strengths. These external manifestations have their roots in our deepest sub-conscious impressions.
If the Sadhaka performs Samyama on these deepest Samskaaraas – this Samyama will lead him to the knowledge of his previous births also, from where the deepest Samskaaras have come.
Is this knowledge necessary? It depends on how Sadhaka uses this knowledge. The knowledge of the previous birth leads us to causes of the present birth too though different events. Now, this knowledge gives us the overall canvass of our future events and future potential. The Sadhaka’s vision clears up very quickly in respect of his present birth too.
All of our angers, hatreds, Jealousies, attachments etc clear up like mist in hot Sun – and make for a blissful life.
Every single action of the Sadhaka now will be much more conscious, much more unifying and much more direct – leading to a perpetual joyful life. We can see such perpetual Joy in the lives of many contemporary Yogis also.
para chittha jnanam
Ø pratyayasya = ideas, conceptions and characteristics
Ø para = of the other
Ø chittha = mind-stuff /consciousness
Ø jnanam = knowledge
A Sadhaka can perform Samyama on another Individual’s body and mind characteristics. All ideas and concepts perceived of the other Individual can be used for this Samyama on the other Individual.
Such a Samyama opens up the innermost secrets also hidden in the other person’s mind. All thoughts, ideas and plans in the other person’s mind are now available to the Sadhaka’s mind.
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