Wednesday, October 18, 2017





Hinduism  was always based on a Few Basic, Timeless, Cultural tenets which were and are always applicable to the whole world. These are not narrow religious tenets but are Universal Principles. Let us discuss a few of them here.


Aano bhadraa krathavoyanthu viswatah

This comes from Rigveda and means Let noble thoughts come to us from all sides of the Universe.

This has been the motto of the great, ancient Sages of India. In accordance with this motto, India has always remained a Land of seekers  of truth rather than of blind believers. They accepted great thoughts from wherever they came.

If a seeker of truth and founder of truth is to be called a founder of a religion, India had hundreds of them in the most ancient past. But, each founder of truth encouraged his disciples to seek the great truths himself, the Guru pointing out the path only. He did not say, follow me blindly. Guru was needed to show the path. Guru was needed to train you and encourage you  to tread the path to a certain distance. But, beyond that, you have to discover the ultimate truths yourself.

India had accepted many noble thoughts from all over the world as in the famous daily prayer below :


Sarve bhavanthu sukhinah
Sarve santhu niraamayaah
Sarve bhadraani pasyanthu
Maa kaschith duhkhabhaag bhaveth
Om Santhih Santih Santih


1: May All be Happy,
2: May All be Free from Illness.
3: May All See what is Good and Auspicious,
4: May no one Suffer.
5: Om ! Let there be Peace, Peace, Peace.

When we say, “ALL”, the first person who should (i) become Happy, (ii) become free from illness (iii) see all that is Good and Auspicious and (iv) not become part of suffering – is the SELF, who is selflessly praying for all others- human beings,  animals, birds, insects, trees and all other beings.

Om Santhih, Santhih, Santhih means – peace and freedom from three types of suffering.

First type of suffering is – “Adhyathmika” or internal and is inflicted by ourselves on ourselves, either knowingly or unknowingly.

Second type of suffering is  - “Adhi-bhouthika” or suffering due to physical reasons.

Third type of suffering is  - Adhi daivika or providential, unexpected, unanticipated or we may say, God-inflicted. We may also say, the third type of suffering is - Karma-inflicted, which we will explain in a later post. From all the three types of suffering, we seek release and peace for all beings.

The readers can easily see that this is a Universally applicable prayer and can be recited by anybody, anywhere, any time. It has no narrow religious connotations or boundaries. It surpasses all barriers like caste, creed, religion,race, language and so on. It is a truly Universal Prayer addressed to the Creator or the Powers of the Universe. They are all around YOU and they definitely are listening to your prayer. What they do - depends on the intensity and sincerity in your prayer.

Indian Sages had deep bonds of relationships with the Powers controlling the nature. By propitiating these powers controlling the nature, they got huge insights into the secrets of the Universe, secrets of  the Human being and the Ultimate power pervading the entire Universe. This Ultimate Power pervading the universe was called by them as ‘Brahman’. Other powers controlling the nature were called Devas or Gods.

Hinduism unequivocally proclaims that Brahman is just one. There is no second. He creates other Powers to control each function of the Universe.

Such Powers of Universe controlling each major function of the universe were identified by different names – like, Siva, Vishnu and Brahma.

There are also Indra, Varuna, Agni and many others. Many such Devas exist, who control each one function of the Universe. Brahman is the only ultimate Power who creates and distributes his functions among the Devas. All Devas are his various faces or his various representations for specific purposes.

This is explained briefly in one sloka of Isaa vasyopanishad, which says, everything in the universe comes from one single totality and whatever you take away from or add to it, it remains the same totality (or, Completeness).

“Poornamadah, Poornamidam,
Poornaath Poornamudachyathe,
Poornasya Poornamaadaaya,

Meaning :

Om, There, is completeness, Here too, is completeness, From one completeness comes the other completeness. If one completeness is taken away from another completeness, yet, Only completeness remains.  Om, Peace Peace Peace.

This ancient sloka is extraordinary and reveals many truths in itself, when properly understood. It explicitly proclaims the oneness of the supreme power which is Brahman itself and which is the creator of all Universe and all beings from out of itself.

You and I are all part of this totality; and when we completely realize it and experience it, we are entitled to identify ourselves with and call ourselves as that “completeness” or totality. All of our seeking is intended for this purpose.

This truth about ourself is also stated in many Upanishads - in what are famously called as Mahavakyas or the Greatest Truths. 

Let us look at the most famous 4 of them:

Aham Brahmasmi : “I am the Brahman”. This is not being proclaimed by someone unknown to you. ‘You’ are proclaiming it. You must realize and experience that you are the Brahman. And YOU are. This is the fact. What about me? I am Brahman, in myself too. We are like Drops in the Ocean who are entitled to say, I am the Ocean. The total identification with the TOTALITY is the only important criterion. Once you experience yourself as Brahman, where are any narrow dividing boundaries between you and others? There exist none.

Thath Thvam Asi : “You are that”. You are searching for the  creator of this Universe who is omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient and so on. But, you must know and experience that - ‘YOU’ are that which you are searching for. See and experience yourself in the totality and the totality in yourself. This is the truth you must experience. We must not forget the analogy of the ocean drop identifying with the Ocean. We are all drops in the ocean of Brahman. We are therefore entitled to call ourselves as the Brahman.

Prajnaanam Brahma : So, what is Brahman in you? Is it your Body, or your Mind? Neither. It is your Prajna or superior Consciousness which runs your Body and Mind both. What can get you to that superior consciousness?

There are essentially 2 methods. One is, a realized Guru through his teaching, can show you the path. You can get there through the 3 steps called, Sravanam, Mananam and Nidhidhyasanam. This is the method of Jnana Yoga.  

Another Method is internal exploration through Meditation. You may call it Dhyana Yoga or just Yoga. Don’t say, nobody is there to teach me. If you become a sincere seeker, either you will find the Guru or the Guru will find you. The Universe itself may become a teacher to you. But first, become a sincere seeker and don’t throw the responsibility for this on others. You create your destiny by your own efforts.

Ayam Atma Brahma : My ‘Self’ or Atma and BRAHMAN  are one and the same. This realization comes through intense Sadhana through either of the above 2 methods.

These Mahavakyas from the Upanishads, form the foundation of the culture which existed in the ancient India.

The reader, who is un-initiated into the ancient Indian culture, usually gets perplexed with this narration. I agree that this foundation of Indian culture is a little tough to grasp, tough to realize and experience in its entirety and therefore, the intense, individual Sadhana or individual seeking is essential for each person.

Realization and experience may come in a day or in a year or in several years or several births, depending on the focus and sincerity in your seeking. The ultimate truth is put at a distance from us by the universe, through various lures and attractions that the Universe itself offers.

You can’t get at these ultimate truths by arguing, by use of mundane logic, by ordinary scientific principles, which are good to explore the physical Universe, but not enough to experience the creator of the universe. For that, you must transcend the mind itself – and come to a place where you discover yourself for the first time.Know thyself first and you will also know thy creator.

*  *  *  will continue   * * *

Saturday, October 14, 2017


(Part 1)
Hinduism is not a Religion in the western sense.  Western religions are unable to digest this fact, even after so many great Hindu authorities have stated this in unequivocal terms.

Anybody born on this land can believe or not believe anything in the religious sense and yet be a Hindu. India is incapable of hating any religious-ism, unlike the non-indian religious-isms, which, in practice, are 'born to hate' all other religious-isms except 'itself'. 'Be Us' and we leave you no other way - is their obvious dictum. 

That is not how Hinduism ever existed or operated in India. Whatever you believe in - be a Good Human. This has been the way in India all along but, unfortunately, not any more, due to the aggressive presence of the external isms.

Many great scriptures evolved on this soil from historically unknown and obscure times. Vedas evolved millions of years ago. Vedas are proof that highly civilized humans existed on this land when no proof of cultured humans existed anywhere else on earth. Vedas may or may not be the repository of all spiritual wisdom. But, they contain extraordinarily great thinking in many ways, even in those obscure times, which none of us today can deny.

I am not claiming completeness or infallibility for Vedas but, spreading through word of mouth from one sage to his disciple-sages, they always seem to have marched with times. Every Great Sage seems to have added to their great flavour - which is clear from the fact that Vedas themselves speak of so many great sages. 

When anecdotes of so many great sages exist in them, we can't say, that those sages made no contribution to Vedas and only God made them. The Greatness of Vedas, which are the most ANCIENT BOOKS ON EARTH (and which I feel were definitely changing with every great sage) is unquestionable. When we talk of Vedas, we must keep in mind the most ancient times during which they came into existence.

Other religious scriptures which came in the last 2000-2500 years ago all over the earth are in no way better than Vedas, which came millions of years ago. That is the Greatness of the Vedas and this soil.

Upanishads evolved just a little later than the Vedas, partly from Vedas themselves and partly from the minds of Great Sages over a period of time. Upanishads talk of so many sages and so many Yagnas, sacrifices etc. We can't say that the sages mentioned in them or the sages who spoke of them made no contribution to them. Essentially, the Sages propagated the best of  wisdom through  Upanishads.

Ramayana and Mahabharata  are not scriptures but  are chronicles of contemporary History of the times they were written. Their authors wrote partly their own History and mostly, the History of the Greatest people of their times. They contain a lot of living wisdom of those times. These Books are extraordinary  by any of our current day standards.

Mahabharat is undoubtedly the Biggest and the best chronicle of History of all time anywhere in the world. Because we don't possess the weapons of those days, can we really dispute their very existence today? But, who can dispute the the greatness of the art of fighting, art of ruling and art of living which existed in the Mahabharat days? These were the best of all time.

Some may tend to dispute Mahabharat as actual History but Gita is living proof of Mahabharat. During the last 5000 years, Nobody has produced a book greater than either Mahabharat as History or Gita as the source of the greatest Scientific knowledge. 

If 21st century world in general and India in particular does not explore the whole gamut of sciences Krishna revealed in Gita, it would be one of our Greatest failures. I as a born Brahman, but not particularly identifying with any caste myself, feel that in the hands of Brahmins, Brahmin priests and Brahmin sages, Gita remained largely a Prayer Book and a religious scripture instead of the scientific treatise and an inspiration for action that it was meant to be.  Not much investigation has gone into the sciences revealed in Gita.

I do admit that many commentaries were written on Gita by many Great authors and practitioners of Yoga but, it has not percolated into the common public domain and did not evoke the amount of interest it should have evoked among all people. Lord Krishna's greatest exposition on Yoga and all great sciences of India did not reach common masses to the extent they should have. This is the fact. This anachronism needs to be corrected. 

Many Hindus have multiple copies of the Bible given free to them on the Roads, but not the Gita. When you go to a temple, in every Puja, at least a few slokas of the Gita must be recited by the Archakas as part of puja. That too is not happening. 

Rigveda says- take all noble ideas from everywhere in the Universe. We must take this idea, at least from other religions. Go to a Church. You will hear the Bible. Go to a Mosque. You will hear the Quran. Go to a Temple. YOU MUST HEAR A FEW SLOKAS OF THE GITA. This should become mandatory. Also, Every Hindu must possess an excellent version of Gita with translation into his own Language also and read a few slokas from it daily.

Rama, the personification of Dharma was a Kshatriya. Krishna the exponent of the Extraordinary book of Gita was a Kshatriya. We need such Great Kshatriyas today, to explore and interpret our Vedas, Upanishads and the Gita. 

Otherwise, we will always be confusing inaction as action. Guarding Dharma on earth is ACTION, even if seeking Moksha individually  may be non attachment and inaction. Gita is of course, capable of giving such different meanings to different people at different times and also, different solutions to different problems. Gita prescribes duties at Individual level and at Society level as well. So does Mahabharat. We must know these duties.

Puranas are also not scriptures but are meant for small story telling, to disseminate  ancient wisdom in colloquial idiom. Puranas are perhaps meant to tell Dharma to the unlettered people in many ways. 

The Greatest and the latest Book of wisdom is of course, the Bhagavad Gita, told by Lord Krishna himself, more than 5000 years ago, as a summary of all ancient wisdom.  A lot of Gita is devoted to many unexplored sciences. Basically, Gita is meant to spur the man into action. Excellence in Action is Yoga, says Lord Krishna himself.

In contrast, Patanjali says, Yoga is controlling the mind. Both are correct. But, there is a huge difference in the approach of the two. Gita is the way on earth for 99% of people. Patanjali is the way for 1% of people. Both are of course, great. 

The last sloka of Gita is - "where Krishna the Yogeswara is, and where the mighty armed Arjuna with his Gandiva is - there, victory, happiness and riches of all types is definite to accrue." Can you forget this and take to sanyas, when the calling of duty is - ACTION? Especially to protect Dharma?

Unfortunately, for the last 5000 years, after Lord Krishna left the earth, India has not tried much to - march with the changing times, renovate itself, re-present itself and re-form itself to withstand external and internal attacks.

Of course, Great leaders like Adi Sankaracharya, Ramanujacharya and Madhvacharya  campaigned for  renovating Hinduism in their own ways. All of them were against the heinous practice of Untouchability and said so - most vocally and recorded this in their writings. But, the great problem was - there was no Kshatriya leader to back them up and implement them in the society.

The present Indian religious leaders are still largely rooted in the pre- Bhagavad Gita times and are not recognizing the external and internal dangers annihilating Hinduism everyday. Lord Krishna did not teach this type of and this level of Karma sanyasa and inaction in his Bhagavad Gita. 

He asked Arjuna to take up arms and annihilate Adharma with complete detachment. This core teaching of Gita is totally absent in actual practice of our present day religious leaders and other leaders of today.I am not advocating violence of any type for any reason. It is not needed. I am advocating Great leadership and firm handling in unifying Hinduism. 

Today, somebody has introduced the system of Dalit Archakas. It is a most welcome Measure. It should have come 70 years back. Now, let there be vigorous training for deserving Archakas from all castes. But, once they are Archakas, they are common for all Hindus and let us not identify them as Dalit Archakas etc. Reform of Hinduism is so simple and so smooth. This reform has come in, without any problems.

There are many other things missing in today's India -  for victory of Dharma over Adharma. 

Where are those fearless Kshatriya warriors of the Mahabharat days who will fight for Dharma today?

Today, we have Brahmins, Vaisyas and Sudras but where are Kshatriyas? They are almost totally absent in Hinduism today and Hinduism is paying a very heavy price because of their absence. 40% of population must be kshatriyas who will guard the others and guard Dharma.  Today, people who identify themselves as Kshatriyas are just about 1%. that is the greatest problem of today for Hinduism in India.

Today, the greatest need for Hinduism is to resurrect the Kshatriya clan. Every Hindu family must contribute one child to the Kshatriya clan, whatever may be their caste right now, and make that child a great, fearless warrior, ready to defend India, ready to defend Hinduism and ready to defend Dharma.

Let there be no sub-castes, sub-groups etc among Kshatriyas, which must exist as a single caste, drawn from all other castes, to protect Dharma.

If Dalits can be anointed as priests after due training, and this is a most welcome measure, why not create a Kshatriya clan, which must be about 40% of population, which is proud of our ancient Dharma and is ready to protect India and the great civilization that existed in this land.

Kshatriya does not mean - that he does not participate in other activities. No caste is barred from participating in any other activities - including Business, trade, Entrepreneurship etc. But, they must  specialize in their anointed Duty. 

An Archaka can also learn fighting arts but his basis skill must be that of an Archaka. Somnath Temple fell to the Invaders because, the Archakas were not fighters and there were also no Kshatriyas to guard the Temple.

Will YOU identify yourself with the Greatest Kshatriyas like Rama, Krishna, Arjuna, Bhishma and so on, now and try to emulate their fearless greatness? Do not create any sub castes etc within Kshatriyas. Let it be a great unified clan created out of Dare devils drawn from all other castes.

It can be introduced as 'optional' today. It is up to each Individual to identify himself as Kshatriya and declare himself so. Let this initiative be encouraged. Let us give all out support. Let it be given legal recognition. Let us not place any hurdles for any deserving person. But, let no coward be recognized as Kshatriya.

India really needs Great Kshatriyas today. Let the Government support this measure in greater measure just like it is coming forward to create Dalit Archakas. Let Hinduism be revitalized and united by such measures.

Krishna said - caste is based on Guna and Karma - and he did not mention birth  as a major criterion. He himself was born as Kshatriya but grew as a Yadava, and befriended Kubja, Vidura, Sanjaya, Kuchela and so on. He has shown the way.  Let us take the cues from him for solving our today's major problems and renovating Hinduism.

Jai Bharat ! Jai Hind !

Sunday, July 2, 2017



These are my Face Book Posts explaining Yoga to readers in a simple way. You will find them very interesting. The series will continue in future.

FB POST DATED 21.06.17

Today is International Yoga Day. More than 180 countries are participating in Yoga today and celebrating the event.
Prime minister Narendra Modi is leading the event in Lucknow with Yogi Adityanath, and his cabinet ministers following him.

Yoga is a science that UNITES.
Yoga unites your thought , word and deed.
Yoga unites your body , mind and soul.
Yoga unites the individual within you with the whole universe.

Yoga leads to the Highest Bliss attainable by us.
Yoga leads to the greatest peace attainable by us.
Yoga leads to the best of health attainable by us.

Whatever you are doing throughout the day, you can still be doing Yoga.
Yoga is in fact a 24 x 7 lifelong event.

The just born child is naturally into Yoga, in fact, into the best of Yoga.
Is your breath as effortless and blissful today, as it was when you were born?
Do you still move your hands and legs as effortlessly and joyfully as you did when you were born?
Can you remain as peacefully today as when you were born?
Actually, this is the primary goal of Yoga.

But, Yoga aims to take you to much greater heights too.
There are absolutely no limits to human achievement through Yoga.


I wish you a great International Yoga day. 

FB POST DATED 21.06.17

Bhagavad-Gita is also called Yoga Sastra or the science of Yoga.
Lord Krishna says, I taught this science initially to the Sun God, and eventually it went to various Rajarshis of the Suryavamsa.

Essentially, Gita propounds 4 types if Yoga.

1. Jnana Yoga - for the highly evolved, intelligent and wise persons. They can grasp the ultimate truth by analyzing themselves and the universe and stay in that truth.

2. Karma Yoga - for selfless, service oriented and body oriented persons. They serve humanity without selfishness and experience greatest happiness in such service.

3. Dhyana Yoga - for those who can explore the inward path into their minds and reach to their innermost self. The can sit in active inaction and great awareness within themselves and exercise great control on their minds. and

4. Bhakti Yoga - for those who can readily surrender themselves to the almighty, or a Guru, or a master or just their spouse. They need a physical being whom they love or a mental image supported by an idol or other form as support for their devotion.

Each of these Yogas is suitable for a particular type of persons. Some can adopt more than one or all four.

Image or idol worship is essential only for Bhakti yoga if a live human being is not the object of devotion. Jnana yoga and Dhyana yoga essentially follow the nirakara or image less methods.

Karma yogis may believe or may not even believe in an almighty God. They see themselves in every human being and every human being in themselves. Infinite compassion is their nature.

Gita tells us about so many other extraordinary sciences, apart from these 4 Yogas. If Gita alone is fully explored and understood , we can live a hugely successful life.

 FB POST DATED 25.06.17

In one of my previous posts , I wrote about Yoga Sastra, the Bhagavadgeeta, propounded by Lord Krishna 5000 years ago.
Krishna said, this is nothing new, it was always there, I myself first taught this to Sun God and from him, it went to all Rajarshis of Suryavamsa .
After he taught Arjuna, now, we are all reading it as Bhagavadgeeta.

It is a science and art both, which tells us how best to live, and how best to maximize our health and Happiness.

But, in current days, Patanjali Maharshi, the propounder of Yoga sutras is widely accepted as the father of Yoga.

Patanjali made Dhyanayoga into an exact science in his yoga sutras. Therefore,It limits itself to Dhyanayoga and does not concern itself with other Branches of Yoga.

Patanjali designed Dhyanayoga as Ashtanga Yoga. Or, Yoga with 8 limbs or parts. These 8 parts are 1. Yama 2. Niyama 3. Aasana 4. Pranayama 5. Pratyahara 6. Dharana 7.Dhyana and 8. Samadhi.

We generally hear of Aasana, Pranayama and Dhyana and not of the other 5 parts, which are equally important. Some yoga institutes and Ashrams do teach other parts but many so called yoga teachers do not even seem to be aware of them. Yet, the 3 parts taught, if well taught, is also good for the learners.

Patanjali's Ashtanga yoga starts with the first 2 principles of Non violence and Truth as part of Yama. Without them, there is no Ashtanga Yoga.

But, contrast it with Lord Krishna's Yoga Sastra. It has Karma yoga also apart from Dhyanayoga etc.

You must wage Dharma yuddha or righteous war to protect the Dharma and root out Adharma, says Lord Krishna. Protect the righteous people from the unrighteous, says Lord Krishna. Don't confuse this with Jihad etc. It is entirely different.

In contrast, Patanjali prescribes ascetic , almost secluded life for Ashtanga Yoga.
Krishna's prescription is suitable for 100% of the people. Patanjali's methods are suitable for 1% of the people. Patanjali's methods go all the way up to kaivalya and is a direct method.

Krishna prescribes a life style which has all elements in it, much like his own life. He doesn't bar you from any joy of life but prescribes a non destructive method to achieve all joys of life.

Every individual needs to read both books to know what exactly is suitable for him.

Geeta gives answers to many intriguing questions of life. It is both an art and a science.

Yoga sutras is a science, pure and simple. There is less space for art in Ashtanga yoga.

You can and you must, of course combine both of them, to your best advantage.
Arjuna did Dhyana or Meditation, addressing Lord Siva, fought with him, pleased him and secured paasupatastra, a most Destructive weapon. Meditation can achieve such earthly purposes also and Patanjali also dealt with them and gave the exact methods of meditation to achieve any such earthly goal.

India needs to explore these two great treasures very seriously, the Geeta and the Yoga sutras, before someone else outside India masters them and ...
(Patents them!!!!)

FB POST DATED 01.07.17

Ashtanga Yoga of Patanjali :

Patanjali devised his Ashtanga Yoga as an Eight fold path. It has Eight distinct limbs or parts in it.
These are Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi.

The first limb or part is "YAMA" and it consists of 5 sub parts.
These sub parts are

1. Ahimsa or Non violence
2. Sathya or Truth
3. Astheya or Non stealing
4.Brahmacharya or treading the path of Brahman ( desire free life)
5. Aparigraha : Non taking by coercion of anything from others

Once, you enter the path of yoga and start implementing these principles, your life will become simpler and simpler. You will start really enjoying your life. You will need some tactfulness. That is all.

Remember, you brought nothing with you into your life and you can take nothing with you when you leave your life.

These are principles of mutual Trust and non exploitation of each other.

Non violence is to be practiced in thought, word and deed. Truth and Non stealing are likewise. So are Brahmacharyam or desire-freeness and non-coercion.

Brahmacharyam is sometimes interpreted as Abstinence from Sex. This is not correct. Many yogis are married and have children. Vasishta, who revealed Yoga vasishtam to Lord Rama remained with his wife, Arundhati, and had 100 children. Lord Krishna propounded Bhagavad-Gita, which is considered as the science of yoga and he had 8 wives and many children.

Yoga therefore permits Dharmic Sex, within the marital bounds. Ancient Indian Yogis made Dharmic Sex also into a Great Science in which they exercised absolute control on their Desires.That said, solitude was preferred by yogis for certain long duration yogic practices.

Until we study and understand the lives of such great Yogis, we may not understand the purport of some of these terms in their correct sense.
Lord Krishna is called Yogeswara (with so many wives). Lord Siva is called Yogeeswara, and he too is happily married and both are in constant Yoga practice. So is Brahma the creator. He too is always in Yoga and he too is married.

The purpose of this explanation is to emphasize that marriage is not a bar to Yoga. It can be a great facilitating factor.

Yama is the first step and is intended to clean your life and wean you away from wrongful conduct. Only a clean mind can be controlled by you and will have absolute clarity about life.

That said, it does not mean that without 100 percent success in Yama, you cannot move on to next higher steps. You can. Simultaneous practice of Yama, Niyama, Asana, pranayama etc are both possible and desirable.
What matters is - start with some sincerity and regularity. You will achieve success.

My Dear Readers,

Periodically, this series will continue on face Book and in this Blog too. You will find many practical tips, clear explanations and most useful exercises too as the series proceeds.

Read and Enjoy.

yours sincerely,