Friday, April 28, 2017
GEMS FROM BHAGAVAD GITA - Kshudram hridaya dourbalyam thyakthvotthishta - Throw out the weakness of your Heart
Bhagavad Gita was proclaimed by Lord Krishna on the turf of Kurukshetra, the Battle field of Mahabharata War.
While the Main purpose of Lord Krishna was to advice Arjuna and bring him out of his moroseness and aversion to fight the war, Lord Krishna made this an occasion to teach Arjuna the complete science of Yoga.
Bhagavad Gita is also well known and well-acknowledged as (i) Upanishad (or summary of Vedas), (ii) knowledge of the supreme (or Brahma vidya) and (iii) Yoga Sastra(or science of Yoga).
As Upanishad, it teaches us the very essence of the Vedas. It teaches us the knowledge of the supreme (or, Brahman), which is the essence of the Vedas. It also teaches us the complete Yoga Sastra, which is the route to understand Brahman.
Every Chapter of Bhagavad Gita, or Gita in short, is called a “Yoga”. Yoga means unification. There are 18 chapters (or 18 yogas) in Gita.
The phrase “Complete Yoga Sastra” means and implies – the complete Art and Science of Human Living. Bhagavad Gita contains answers to almost all of our questions on how we must live, and how we must not.
Our education, knowledge and wisdom are most certainly not complete, until we have understood the Art and Science of Living in the Gita.
I will endeavour to place before you the CHOICEST SLOKAS, or, the Gems from the Gita, with their meaning and significance. Enjoy the same. Explore the same. Employ the same in your life. And, Give me your suggestions and criticisms.
We will look at the slokas specifically spoken by Lord Krishna and not the other slokas. In them also, we will choose the very Best and avoid repetitions containing same meaning or purport.
The first chapter of Gita is Arjuna Vishada Yoga, or, the sorrow of Arjuna. Arjuna always thought that the war was with the 100 kauravas, the evil sons of Dhritarashtra. He was well prepared and determined to kill them all. But now, when he is on the war field in his chariot driven by Lord Krishna, he finds that, he is facing, first and foremost, his most beloved grandsire, Bhishma and his most respected Guru, Drona. He never expected this, when he was preparing for the war.
He did not want to fight these two great loved and honoured elders, whom he respects and loves so much, come what may. He was not interested in getting a kingdom soiled by their blood. For that reason, he was now willing to let go the Kauravas also, who were under their protection.
Krishna listened to this ranting of Arjuna for all of the first chapter of Arjuna Vishada Yoga, containing 47 slokas, without speaking a word.
Now Arjuna stopped his speech, put his arrows and his great Bow, the Gandeeva down, sat down morosely and said, Krishna, I will not fight.
Krishna, even now, was not willing to advice. But, he started chiding Arjuna for his sorrow.
Let us see what he says :
Kuthasthvaa kasmalamidham vishame samupasthitam |
Anaaryajushtamasvargam akeertikaramarjuna || (2.2)
Lord Krishna said :
From where has this moroseness and dejection come to you O Arjuna, it is disgraceful. It bars you from Heaven, from fame, and is never liked by great people.
Klaibyam maa sma gamah Paartha naithatva yyupapadyathe |
Kshudram hridaya dourbalyam thyakthvotthishta Paranthapa || (2.3)
O Partha, Give up this impotence. It does not befit you. This faint heartedness is most disgraceful. Abandon it and Get up immediately, O, scorcher of Foes.
I have given the slokas and their meanings.
The most important words of Lord Krishna here, which we must focus on are – “Kshudram hridaya dourbalyam thyakthvotthishta.”
“Faintheartedness” or "weanesses of the heart" - is disgraceful.
Abandon it and Get Up, says Lord Krishna, to Arjuna, and to all of us.
Hridaya Dourbalyam is a very significant word. Your heart is filled with all sorts of weaknesses. These weaknesses are extraordinarily disabling for you.
Because of them, You are now unable and unwilling. You don’t want to do what you must do. You want to turn away from your Life's call, your most sacred duty and trot out excuses for it. This mindset is dangerous for you and for anybody else.. It is not fit for people who want to succeed in life. You must come out of it.
This is the first Great Teaching in the Gita. Do not be faint Hearted. Do not give in to forces like timidity, diffidence, laziness, and such other backward-pulling forces. Throw out these feelings from your heart.
Krishna addresses Arjuna as, "O scorcher of thy enemies". Arjuna was always known as the most Courageous warrior on earth. He was not afraid of fighting any human being, any Gandharvas, any Devas, even the king of Devas namely Indra, and even the Great Siva himself. This was his past record.
But, when hridaya Dourbalyam or weaknesses of the mind(or heart) has entered into him, even the Great Arjuna wants to get away from his most loved and desired call of life. Lord Krishna is warning Arjuna against Arjuna these weaknesses.
What causes Hridaya Dourbalyam?
Kama(excessive/undue desire), Krodha(anger), lobha(greed), moha(delusion), madha (unreasonable pride), maatsarya(disliking others for their being better than you) and finally, Bhaya (fear). These are the seven dreaded Enemies of every human being.
We will definitely examine them in detail elsewhere.
But, for now, You must clearly understand this first and foremost teaching of Gita. It is Lord Krishna's first advice to Arjuna, and by inference, his first advice to you, me and all of us.
What is that?
Khsudram Hradya Dourbalyam. Thyakthvottishta !
Give up all weaknessness of your Heart. Throw them out. Get up and Get ready (to achieve your great goals)!
Author of :
“Comprehensive Treatise on Patanjali Yogasutras”
Friday, January 6, 2017
In the series of Meditations as supplement to my Book “COMPREHENSIVE TREATISE ON PATANJALI YOGASUTRAS”, so far I have covered the following 5 Meditations. You can click on the links below and go to those Meditations.
Meditation-1 is on “ACCEPT YOUR PHYSICAL BODY”
Meditation-2 is on “ACCEPT YOUR PEOPLE WHOLEHEARTEDLY”
Meditation-3 is on the concept of “Sarve Bhavanthu Sukhinah
Meditation-4 is for a Hale and Healthy Body
Meditation-5 is on the concept of “YOU EXIST, YOU ONLY EXIST, NOTHING ELSE DOES”.
Now, we will have a Meditation on a Great Mantra from Isa Upanishad (or Isaavaasyopanishad) :
Om Poornam-Adah Poornam-Idam ; Poornaat-Purnnam-Udachyate |
Poornasya Poornam-Aadaaya Poornam-Eva-Avasishyate ||
Om Saantih Saantih Saantih ||
1: Om, That (Outer World) is complete in itself ; This (Inner World) is also complete in itself ; From one completeness comes another completeness ,
2: If one completeness is drawn away from the other, still what remains is complete in itself .
3: Om Peace, Peace, Peace.
Now, you have the Mantra which you can chant 3 times.
Understand that one completeness referred to here is the infinite consciousness pervading all over the universe around you and within you.
The second completeness is the consciousness that is within the physical YOU and is in fact the real YOU.
It is from the first completeness that the second completeness has arisen. That is, it is from the Universal consciousness that the Individual consciousness has arisen.
After the rise of the Individual consciousness, that is YOU, the universal consciousness still remains complete in itself and so is the Individual consciousness, which is also complete in itself.
You are both Individual consciousness which is complete in itself, and part of the Universal consciousness, which is also complete in itself.
Now, if 15 billion people exist in the world, can there be 15 billion Individual consciousnesses apart from one Universal consciousness?
Do not apply the same logic here, which you apply to the MATERIAL WORLD.
Consciousness is the only NON MATERIAL, INFINITE,UNCHANGING Existence. And YOU are that. And, you are part of that.
Because it is partless, you are actually THAT.
YOU, if you realize, extend all over the UNIVERSAL CONSCIOUSNESS, which pervades the entire Universe, or, the entire Material World.
You also extend over all other Individual consciousnesses in the Universe and so do all the other Individual consciousnesses which extend over YOU.
Can you visualize this in your mental eye? Can you imagine this? This is the stark Universal Truth.
Meditate on this Universal truth.
1. There is the Universe which consists of the Material world, and it includes all physical beings also, including you as a physical being. All the Material YOU belongs to this Material Universe, it comes out of it and goes back to it. This ever changing cycle is a constant, in the Material world
2. There is the Universal consciousness which pervades the entire Universe, or, the entire Material world. It is NON MATERIAL and never changing. It infuses consciousness into every physical being in the material universe.
3. There is YOU, who is the INDIVIDUAL CONSCIOUSNESS. YOU come from the Universal Consciousness, you are an integral part of it, and you never go out of it.
4. As Universal consciousness is really indivisible and partless, YOU actually extend all over the Universal consciousness.
5. But, right now, your consciousness is limited to your Physical body and mind.
6. You must realize this and make efforts to experience yourself all over the universe in the material world and all over the universal consciousness.
7. This is your Meditation.
All these meditations are intended to drive you towards the truth. Sometimes, it is towards the relative truth in the Material world. Sometimes, it is towards the ABSOLUTE TRUTH in the non material universal consciousness. Both are required as live in both.
As physical body and mind, we exist in the material world. This YOU is subject to Maya, or Prakriti or the three Gunas comprising the world (all of them refer to the same phenomenon). This you is subject to various problems, pleasures and changes. You have to face them successfully in the material world.
Then, there is the real YOU, which is the Individual consciousness, which is Changeless, Endless and is part of the Universal consciousness. This is your absolute truth.
This realization is the final goal. The experiments to experience this absolute truth must also continue daily. These meditations give immense clarity on life.
I am giving the concepts and details and it if for you to sit in meditation on them.
The meditational procedure is the same as given in earlier Meditations.
I Wish you all success in your Meditations. I welcome all suggestions and queries.
Author of :
Comprehensive Treatise on